boost-utility

BOOST 库的很多标准已经被纳入 C++11, 这也说明了 BOOST 库设计得到标准的重视。工作中需要用到 BOOST 的特性来加速开发。以下举例常用到的 utility

  • BOOST_SCOPE_EXIT

BOOST_SCOPE_EXIT()里面可以传入多个参数, 其作用相当于回调函数, 在作用域结束之后程序会自动调用 BOOST_SCOPE_EXIT到BOOST_SCOPE_EXIT_END之间的代码。这个在异常捕捉,或者日志打印的时候会非常有用,节约代码。

举个例子

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void func (int ans) 
{
bool flag = false;
BOOST_SCOPE_EXIT(&flag) {
if (!flag)
std::cout << "false" <<std::endl;
else
std::cout << "true" << std::endl;
} BOOST_SCOPE_EXIT_END
flag = ((ans == 1)? true:false);
}
  • boost::split

文本处理,切割字符串的利器

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#include <boost/algorithm/string/split.hpp>
int main( int argc, char** argv )
{
string source = "how to live in the world!";
vector<string> destination;
boost::split( destination, source, boost::is_any_of( " ,!" ), boost::token_compress_on );
vector<string>::iterator it ;
for (it= destination.begin(); it != destination.end(); ++ it)
cout << *it << endl;
return 0;
}
  • boost::regex

正则匹配

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boost::regex_match(str, boost::regex("^1[3|4|5|8][0-9]{9}$"))
  • BOOST 读写锁
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#include "boost/thread/shared_mutex.hpp"
boost::shared_mutex m_rwlock;
boost::shared_lock<boost::shared_mutex> guard(m_rwlock);读锁
boost::unique_lock<boost::shared_mutex> guard(m_rwlock);写锁

#include "boost/thread/locks.hpp"
#include "boost/thread/shared_mutex.hpp"
using namespace std;

//线程安全
class NameMap{

private:
boost::shared_mutex m_rwlock;
map<uint32_t, string> m_map;
public:
bool find(uint32_t uin, string & nickname) {
boost::shared_lock<boost::shared_mutex> guard(m_rwlock);
auto it = m_map.find(uin);
if(it == m_map.end()){
return false;
}
nickname = it->second;
return true;
}

void insert(uint32_t uin, const string & nickname) {
boost::unique_lock<boost::shared_mutex> guard(m_rwlock);
m_map[uin]=nickname;
}

size_t size(){
boost::shared_lock<boost::shared_mutex> guard(m_rwlock);
return m_map.size();
}
};